UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 2019
All the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India have an outstanding cultural, scientifical and architectural significance. Every part of India has amazing ancient architectural structures consisting of forts, temples, churches, monuments, caves, and many more beautiful creations.
Here are the mesmerizing UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India for the year 2019.
Red Fort, Delhi
The Red Fort has seen many political turnovers and today it is regarded as a symbol of Power. The first Indian Independence was celebrated in Red fort by raising the Tiranga above its Lahori Gate by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru.
The fort’s majestic structure is due to the fine Mughal architecture style. The fort was made up of white stones. However, the colour got faded, and hence the Britishers decided to paint it red. So, in conclusion, the fort which you are seeing today was actually white in colour.
This fort was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1648 and was named “Qila-e-Mubarak” meaning “The Blessed Fort”.
The red fort will surely make your eyes splendid and delight.
Hampi Monuments, Karnataka
The outstanding Hampi Monuments were built by the kings of the great Vijayanagar Empire. This UNESCO site was built in the 14th century and represents the lifestyle of ancient Indians.
The Hampi Monuments have beautiful carvings and its major attraction consists of Vijaya Vittala Temple Complex, King’s Balance, Lotus Mahal, Mahanavami Dibba, Virupaksha Temple, House of Victory, Noblemen’s Palace and Mustard Ganesh.
One interesting aspect of Vittala temple is that when you touch its pillars, a mesmerizing sweet tune is emitted from it. The temple is a musical instrument in itself.
Taj Mahal, Agra
Taj Mahal is not only a part of the UNESCO sites but it is also one of the great 7 wonders of the world. The materials used for constructing this masterpiece consisted of marble from Rajasthan, lapis from Afghanistan, crystal and jade from China, turquoise from Tibet, and sapphire from Arabia and Sri Lanka.
It is said that the Mughal architecture style of Taj Mahal was such that it appeared pinkish in the early mornings, milky white at noon, golden at sunset and silver in the moonlight.
Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Maharaja Jai Singh II in the 18th century built this astronomical monument to estimate time by finding the movements of the sun, the moon, and the planets. And hence, it is one of the best UNESCO sites in India. All the instruments were made up of sandstone and plaster of Paris.
Jantar Mantar consists of the huge sundials, equatorial system calculator, and many other astronomical calculators. Furthermore, Samrat Yantra’s astronomical sculpture is a calculator that can calculate the time within two seconds.
Qutub Minar, Delhi
Qutub Minar is a fusion of marble and sandstone that shows an epic Indo-Islamic architecture style. If you want to see the tallest minaret in India then Qutub Minar is your answer.
Qutub Minar was considered as a victory tower during its time and has beautiful looped bells, lotus borders and garlands into its carvings. Chand Minar and Mini Qutub Minar was an inspiration derived from the Qutub Minar.
Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha
Sun temple is constructed in such a way that it looks like seven horses are pulling the huge magnificent chariot having 12 pairs of wheels. Hence, it is one of the architectural masterpieces of ancient India. Furthermore, the Sun temple consists of marvellous inscriptions that depict ancient tales.
One of the mesmerizing attraction of this UNESCO site is the glowing images of elephants, giraffes, snake and other mythological creatures on the main entrance due to the sun’s rays touching it.
Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra
Ajanta caves were carved in the 2nd century BC and consist of a group of finely crafted 30 caves. The caves are dedicated to Lord Buddha
All the caves have wonderful paintings, sculptures, mural, temples, and ceilings. The colours which were used to draw the paintings were made from plants and minerals.
Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
It was the period between the 6th-11th centuries when the Ellora caves were carved. There are a total of 34 caves having temples and artwork of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
The Caves were built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty and all the caves have wonderful sculptures and ceilings where you will feel calm and relaxing. As the caves are the symbol of unity and harmony of all the religions hence the Ellora caves are one of the best UNESCO sites of India.
Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Sundarbans National Park is an amazing national park to explore the wonderful wildlife and be mesmerized with its stunning beauty.
The 10,000 sq km of land consist of 78 types of splendid mangrove trees. And the fauna that dwells in the Sunderbans national park include tigers, deers, waterfowls, primitive horseshoe crabs, king cobras, marine turtles, and rare river terrapin.
Churches and Convents of Goa
Old Goa has beautiful churches and cathedrals that were constructed between 16th to 17th century AD during the Portuguese era. These churches have a wonderful architectural style of Baroque, Manueline and Mannerist art.
These mesmerizing churches consist of Basilica of Bom Jesus, Saint Catherine’s Chapel, Church and Convent of Saint Francis of Assisi, Church of Saint Augustine, Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, and Church of Saint Cajetan and its seminary.