Famous Historical Monuments in India
India is a land of great culture and epic historical monuments. The architecture style of Indian antiquities is influenced by the Hindu temple architecture like the Dravidian and Nagara style. It is also influenced by Indo-Islamic architecture like the Mughal style. In addition, It also has a pinch of European architecture style of neoclassical, gothic revival, and baroque.
Here is the list of top 10 famous historical monuments in India that will fascinate you.
Taj Mahal – A Romantic Monument of India
Built By: Shah Jahan
Architectural Style: Mughal Style
Time Taken for Construction: 16 Years
Taj Mahal Height: 73 m (240 ft)
Taj Mahal is a white marble monument on which the sun shines in the morning and the moon smiles at night.
Taj Mahal of Agra is a marvellous example of Mughal architecture style. The construction of this famous historical monument in India was started in 1632 AD and ended in 1648 AD.
When you enter the royal garden of this historical monument of India, then your eyes will get mesmerized by seeing the landscaping work done in it. In the garden, the trees are planted in such a way as if they are greeting the Taj Mahal by doing a salaam!
Moreover, Taj Mahal for its beauty and elegance is also one of the 7 wonders of the world.
Best Time To Visit Taj Mahal
October to February
October and November will be comfortable months to visit Taj Mahal as the temperature will be not so cold and not so hot.
However, if you want to enjoy the sweet winters then December to February are also the best months to visit this famous historical monument of India.
Taj Mahal Monument Visiting Hours and Days
Visiting Hours: 6:30 am to 5:30 pm
Opening Days: Saturday to Thursday
Taj Mahal Entry Fee for Indian & Foreign Citizens
Indian Citizens: Entry fee for the Indian citizens will be Rs 50. However, you can get 5 Rs discount if you book tickets through the government website: https://asi.payumoney.com/
Foreign Citizens: Tourists from SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries would be chared Rs 540 as entry fee and tourists from other countries would be charged Rs 1100. However, you can get 50 Rs discount if you book tickets through the government website: https://asi.payumoney.com/ )
An additional 200 Rs will be charged to the Indian as well as foreign citizens for seeing the main mausoleum that consists of a replica of the graves of Shah Jahan and Mumtaj.
Children of the age 15 years or less: Free entry.
Chittorgarh Fort – A Valorous Monument of India
Chittorgarh – one of the famous historical monuments of India is a fort symbolizing valour, pride, dignity, and nationalism of the brave Rajputs.
This Fort of Chittor is one of the largest forts of India located on a hill and has 7 gates representing the strength of the fort.
The fort consists of Vijay Stambh which was built to celebrate victory over its enemy. Then there is Kumbha Palace where Rani Padmini choose to die with head high by doing Jauhar (Self-Immolation) rather than surrendering to the enemy.
There are many other historical creations to see that will tell you the legends of the fort.
Best Time To Visit Chittorgarh Fort
November to February
These are the best months to visit Chittorgarh fort because in these months the temperature will be cool and pleasent. Rajasthan being a hot state, it is better to not go during summer seasons.
However, the winters from November to January will be mesmerizing to see the royal fort.
Jaisalmer Fort – One of The largest Fort in India
Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest forts of India which is also known as “Sonar Killa” (Golden Fort) as the fort is made up of splendid yellow sandstone.
Located on a Trihuta hill, the fort has 4 magnificent gates and a majestic Raj Mahal along with Jain temple and Laximinath temple.
Jaisalmer has witnessed many battles and has lots of brave stories to tell. The sunset from Jaisalmer fort will make you feel relax and fresh.
Best Time To Visit Jaisalmer Fort
November to February
If you want to enjoy seeing Jaisalmer fort without having the interruption of rain and heat then October to February will be the best time to visit it as the temperature in these months will be cool and relaxing.
Harminder Sahib – Golden Temple of India
Harminder Sahib of Amritsar is a sacred temple that will make you feel refresh, relax and closer to God.
This temple is also known as the Golden Temple because of its large marvellous dome that is made up of pure gold.
When you will enter the Gurdwara, you will feel a positive vibe that will make you feel happy and serene. Harminder Sahib is one of the significant religious monuments in India.
Best Time To Visit Harminder Sahib
October to December
October to December will be the months when there will be no rain and also the temperature will be comfortable and pleasent. Hence these are the best months to visit the beautiful Golden temple of Waheguru.
Mysore Palace – Famous for its Golden Throne
Mysore palace is one of a splendid example of Indo Saracenic style of architecture that has perplexing chandeliers, stained glasses, iron pillars, and glazed tiles. Furthermore, there is a Golden Throne known as “Ratna Simhasana” in the palace and according to the legends, the throne was made during the Pandava period.
The main entrance of the palace is known as the royal elephant gate that is crafted with eye-popping motifs. Mysore palace is one of the biggest palaces in the country and has artefacts of the Wadiyar dynasty.
Best Time To Visit Mysore Palace
October to January
October to January will offer a traveller pleasent and relaxing temperature. These are the best months to visit Mysore palace and to enjoy its history.
The New Palace – Epic Monument of India
The New Palace is not just a palace but a treasure of great history of the chivalrous Marathas.
New palace of Kolhapur is also known as Shri Chhatrapati Shahu Museum. It is made up of black polished stones and has a garden, fountain, and a wrestling ground. The palace has glasses depicting the brave life of the great Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
The palace has a museum where you will get to see many marvellous artefacts. Outside the palace, there is also a section where you will get to see peacocks, emus, spotted deer, and the geese.
Best Time To Visit The New Palace
October to February
October to February will have neither rains nor super hot summers, Instead, these are the months full of the comfortable temperature of winters. Hence these are the best months to visit this great tourist destination of Maharashtra.
Sanchi Stupa – UNESCO Heritage Site of India
Sanchi Stupa is a sacred hub of Buddhism and is a temple that teaches peace and harmony. It was built by Emperor Ashoka and is surrounded by four carved gateways. It is also one of the UNESCO monuments of India.
On the gateways, you will see carvings of male and female tree murals that are considered as a good omen to have at the front. The Sanchi Stupa is an immense semi-circular, domed-shaped rock chamber that will make you feel calm.
Best Time To Visit Sanchi Stupa
October and November
These are the months when the temperature will be not much cold and not much hot. Moreover, there will also be no rain in the months of October and November. Hence, these are the best months to visit Sanchi Stupa.
Basilica of Bom Jesus – Famous Religious Monument of India
Basilica of Bom Jesus has beautiful triangular roofing on which holy ‘IHS’ initials have been engraved. IHS is an abbreviation meaning ‘Jesus, Saviour of Men’.
The church is different than the other churches of Old Goa as it’s exterior doesn’t consist of plaster. It is a great example of Baroque architecture where the floor is crafted with beautiful marble mosaic with precious stones.
In addition, there is a huge screen having an image of St. Ignatius Loyola protecting an infant Jesus. This church of Goa is over 408 years old and its image of the Holy Trinity will make you feel loved.
Best Time To Visit Basilica of Bom Jesus
December to February
Basilica of Bom Jesus church lightens up during the Christmas week of December.
Also, December to February are the months of pleasent winters, hence these are the best months to visit Basilica of Bom Jesus church of Goa.
Kumbhalgarh Fort – Famous for the Second largest Wall in the World
Kumbhalgarh fort stands proudly like a knight protecting its area of Udaipur by its largest and strongest wall in the world after the great wall of China.
The wall is known as the Great wall of India and the fort was built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century. It has seven fortified gateways and is encircled by thirteen elevated mountain peaks. Badal Mahal is one of the major attraction of the fort.
Kumbhalgarh Fort is also the birthplace of great Maharana Pratap and hence it is one of the best historical monuments in India having a great legendary significance.
Best Time To Visit Kumbhalgarh Fort
November to February
The hotness of Rajasthan can be unbearable during the summer seasons, hence it is best to visit Kumbhalgarh fort of Rajasthan during the mesmerizing winter season from November to February.
Lotus Temple – A Great Architectural Monument in India
Lotus temple is also known as the Bahai temple and has a beautiful lotus-like structure that will mesmerize your soul. It is a place in Delhi which offers tranquillity and peace.
Lotus temple is a great architectural example as it is made in such a way as if it is floating on water. The nine marble petals of the temple will take you in tranquillity and the nine small pools surrounding the temple will surely make you feel refreshing.
Best Time To Visit Lotus Temple
October to February
October and November are the months when the temperature will be not too hot and not too cold. but the temperature will be pleasent and relaxing. There will also be no trouble of too much winters and fog. Hence these are the best months to visit Lotus temple.
However, if you want to enjoy the winters of Delhi, then December to February are also the best months to visit Lotus temple.