Shaheed Bhagat Singh – Brave History, Facts & Timeline

India is a country where many famous people were born who contributed to the betterment of the country in different ways. Here are the legends of Bhagat Singh that will inspire you

At the time when India was under British rule, many people revolted against them to free India. The Rebellion of 1857 was one such major movement that was fought by great leaders like Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi, Tatya Tope, Mangal Pandey, etc.

Even though the rebellion of 1857 failed, the revolt continued till 1947 until India was free from the clutches of British Rule. Bhagat Singh was amongst one of the people who saw the dream of Independent India and revolted against the British.  

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in 1907 at Banda village in the Punjab province of British India. His parents were Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. his family was politically active in the Indian Independence movement. He got his school education from Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School.

In 1919, when Singh was just 12 years old, he visited Jallianwala Bagh, where many innocent people were killed on the orders of General Dyer. Enraged by this, he wanted to take revenge.

Singh was truly inspired by the young Italian movement of Giuseppe Mazzini and hence founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha in March 1926. He also joined the Hindustan Republican Association, a party which had prominent leaders like Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, Shaheed Ashfaqallah Khan, etc.

While Bhagat Singh was engaged in the noble cause of freeing India, he decided not to marry and went to Kanpur. He believed that freedom is his only bride, and he shall fight for freedom till his last breath.

There was an influence of Singh on the Indian youths, due to which the police arrested him on May 1927. He wrote and edited Urdu and Punjabi newspapers published in Amritsar, while he also contributed to the pamphlets published by the Naujawan Bharat Sabha against the British.

Historical Revolutionary Activities

Avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s death

The British Government set up the Simon Commission in 1928. As there were no Indians in the membership, people protested across the country. When Simon Commission visited Lahore on October 30, 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai protested against it.

Enraged by this, James Scott, Superintendent of police, ordered his men to do lathi charge, which injured many people protesting there. James Scott personally made lathi-charge on Lala Lajpat Rai, which injured him a lot, and he died of a heart attack on 17 November 1928.

Bhagat Singh wanted to avenge Lalaji’s death. While he was responsible for changing the name of the party HRA to HSRA(Hindustan Socialist Republican Association), he decided to avenge Lalaji’s death. He, along with other revolutionaries like Shivram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad, made a plan to kill Scott. However, due to mistaken identity, they shot John Saunders, instead of James Scott, while he was leaving the Police Headquarters on 17 December 1928.

Escaping

After killing Saunders, four of them escaped from D.A.V College Entrance and fled away on bicycles to houses which they had pre-arranged. They hid for the next two days. Later, with the help of Durgawati Devi(Durga Bhabhi), who was the wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru decided to escape.

Not to get identified, Singh and Rajguru changed their attire. As a result, Bhagat Singh cut his hair, shaved his beard and wore a hat, dressed in western attire. Singh and Durgawati Devi acted as a young couple, and Rajguru, carrying their luggage, acted as their servant. Singh and Rajguru both carried loaded revolvers with them while escaping. They later boarded the train going to Lucknow. After reaching Lucknow, Rajguru alone left for Benares, while the others went to Howrah.

Assembly Incident

Bhagat Singh, who was influenced by Auguste Vaillant, decided to explode a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly, with a nominal intention to protest against the Public Safety Bills, and trade Dispute Act, which was rejected by the assembly.

On 8 April 1929, Singh was accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, who threw two bombs into the Assembly Chamber from the public gallery. The bomb was designed not to kill anybody, but some members were injured. The smoke spread everywhere and they had a chance to escape, but they waited there shouting “Inquilab Zindabad” and also threw leaflets. Hence, they were arrested.

Hunger Strike

Bhagat Singh was sent to Central Jail Mianwali, where he noticed discrimination between European and Indian prisoners. He led the hunger strike by making political prisoners as the participants in the strike, demanding equality in food standards, clothes, and other hygiene necessities. Also, they demanded daily books and newspapers.

His hunger strike inspired many people and gained popularity nationwide. The Government officials and the other police constables tried to break the hunger strike but they failed. He had lost nearly 6 kg of weight due to the hunger strike, that he was taken to the court on a stretcher during his hearings.

Execution

Bhagat Singh, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev, were sentenced to death and were ordered to be hanged on 24th March 1931.

But aware of the fact that people will protest against the death sentence, the British Government scheduled it and the three revolutionaries were hanged on 23rd March 1931 at 7:30 pm in Lahore jail.

Atheism

Singh questioned the religious ideologies after witnessing the Hindu-Muslim riots. Actually, the riots began after Gandhiji broke up the Non-Cooperation Movement.

He was surprised as the members of two religions, united to fight against the British, ended fighting against each other due to religious differences.

Thus, he started studying the works of Lenin, Trotsky, who were Atheist revolutionaries. He wrote an essay titled “Why I am an Atheist”.   

Inspirational Bhagat Singh

Singh is considered as one of the bravest freedom fighters who lived for the country and sacrificed his life for the country. The youth was extremely inspired by his thoughts and ideas. His ideas for the betterment of the country, for the betterment of farmers and how should an Independent India be, were all remarkable.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose said that,

“Bhagat Singh had become the symbol of the new awakening among the youths”.

In the Leaflet he threw in the Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh stated,

“It is easy to kill the individuals but you cannot kill the ideas. Great empires crumbled while the ideas survived.”

Legacy and Memorials

There are many statues of Bhagat Singh, Institutes and Chowks named after him. Many movies are also made on Singh’s life and his revolutionary activities. 

Facts about the Martyr Bhagat Singh

  • Bhagat Singh was on a hunger strike for around 116 days. Despite starving for 116 days, he attended courts, read and wrote books.
  • Singh was smiling when he was being hanged. It is said that no magistrate was ready to witness his execution.
  • He did not want to marry, as his biggest motive was to free his country from the Britishers.

FAQs about Bhagat Singh

What was the slogan of Bhagat Singh?

“Inquilab Zindabad” was the slogan of Bhagat Singh.

What was the name of Bhagat Singh’s parents?

Kishan Singhji was the father of Bhagat Singh and Vidyavati was his Mother.

For how many days Bhagat Singh was on a hunger strike?

Bhagat Singh was on a hunger strike for around 116 days, and he had lost nearly 6 kg of weight.

Who was Bhagat Singh?

Bhagat Singh is a National hero who fought for the country against the British to make India Independent.

What is Martyr’s day?

March is celebrated as Martyr day in honour of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.

Timeline

  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh was born on September 1907.
  • 1919 – Singh visited the Jallianwala Bagh where a lot of innocent people were killed.
  • 1924 – Singh ran away to Cawnpore (Kanpur) to avoid getting married.
  • 1928 – Bhagat Singh vowed to avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s death. He joined other revolutionaries and plotted a plan to kill James A. Scott, responsible for Lalaji’s death. Due to mistaken identity, Singh and other revolutionaries killed J.P. Saunders.
  • 1929 – Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs in Central Legislative Assembly. They were arrested and imprisoned.
  • 1931 – On 23rd March 1931, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged at Lahore Central Jail. 

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