India is the birthplace of many great personalities who contributed to the welfare of the country and countrymen in various ways.
India was ruled by many external powers, as a result, many great people fought against those powers for freedom. One such power was The British who ruled India for over 150 years.
Thus many freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Lokmanya Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel fought for Independent India. Among these freedom fighters, one name was Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
Birthplace and Early Life
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897, in Cuttack. His Mother’s name was Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Father’s name was Janakinath Bose. Father of Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian lawyer and advocate.
Netaji studied briefly at the Presidency College, and he was deeply influenced by the thoughts and ideas of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna. Later, Netaji completed his B.A. in philosophy from the Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta, in 1918. Netaji afterwards, enrolled at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, and stood fourth in the Indian Civil Services(ICS) exam.
Netaji got selected, but he refused to serve the British Government. Thus he resigned from the Indian Civil Services in 1921, and wrote a letter to his elder brother Sarat Chandra Bose, saying, “Only on the soil of sacrifice and suffering can we raise our national edifice”.
Netaji’s Fight for India’s Freedom
Indian National Congress
After refusing the offer in ICS, Netaji eventually started the Newspaper named “Swaraj”.
Chittaranjan Das, a spokesman for aggressive nationalism, was the mentor of Netaji. Thus, Netaji also became the editor of the newspaper “Forward”, founded by Chittaranjan Das, and he also worked as the CEO of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation for Chittaranjan Das.
In 1925, Netaji was arrested and imprisoned in Mandalay, where he had to deal with tuberculosis. After being released from jail, in 1927, Netaji became the general secretary of the Congress party. He started working with Jawaharlal Nehru. Thus Netaji came in contact with the Indian National Congress(INC).
Between the years 1933-1937
Netaji travelled to Europe and meet the Indian students and European politicians. He also met Benito Mussolini, the dictator of Italy.
During this span, Netaji wrote the first part of his book, “The Indian Struggle”. The book covered India’s Independence movement from 1920-1934. The book was banned in India as the British Government feared that the book will create and encourage unrest.
18 August 1945 – A sad day in Indian History
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Japanese occupied Formosa, modern-day Taiwan. However many of Netaji’s supporters decline this incidence.
Although many people don’t know the confirm reason how Netaji died, he will always be regarded as a ‘HERO’ of Indian Independence.
Facts about Netaji
- Subhas Chandra Bose was a brilliant student as he was always ranked top in school and University.
- Netaji was imprisoned in different jails for his stand against the British to free India.
- Subhas Chandra Bose believed that Bhagavad Gita was a source of inspiration.
- He was also impressed by the thoughts and ideas of Swami Vivekanand.
FAQs about Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was a great influencer of the youth of India. His patriotism towards his country, efforts for gaining freedom made him a hero.
Rabindra Nath Tagore gave the title “Netaji” to Bose but he was surnamed by Adolf Hitler.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose founded the Indian National Army.
Azad Hind Fauj was the other name of Indian National Army.
Netaji gave the slogan “Tum muze khoon do, main tumhe Azadi dunga.” The slogan meant “Give me blood and I will give you freedom.”
- 23rd January 1897 – Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack.
- 1918 – Netaji completed his B.A. in philosophy from the Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta
- 1st February 1941 – Subhas Chandra Bose arrived in Kabul.
- 8th February 1943 – Subhas Chandra Bose departed for Japan via submarine.
- 4th July 1943 – Netaji took the command of the Indian National Army.
- 8th July 1945 – Netaji attended the foundation laying ceremony for the INA(Indian National Army) war memorial in Singapore.
- 18th August 1945 – Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Taiwan.
- 20th August 1945 – Subhas Chandra Bose was cremated in the crematorium of Taiwan.
- 7th September 1945 – Lieutenant Tatsuo Hayashida brought the ashes of Netaji in Tokyo, Japan.
- 8th September 1945 – President of the Tokyo Indian Independence League, Rama Murti, received Netaji’s ashes in Tokyo.
- 14th September 1945 – A memorial was held in Tokyo, Japan in honour of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.