Maharana Pratap – History and Biography of a great warrior

Brief History of Maharana Pratap

Pratap Singh I, famously known as Maharana Pratap was born on 9th May 1540, at Qila Kumbhalgarh. He was the eldest son of Rana Udai Singh II and Rani Jaiwanta Bai.

Born in the royal family of Mewar, Pratap Singh ascended the throne of Mewar after his Father, Rana Udai Singh’s death, in 1572. Although Rani Dheer Bai, step-mother of Pratap Singh, wanted her son Jagmal Singh to ascend the throne. The courtiers preferred Pratap Singh as the successor of Rana Udai Singh. Thus Pratap Singh became the 13th Maharana(King) of Mewar in 1572.

Rana Pratap was one of the strongest warriors in India. He was more than 7 feet tall and would carry around 80 kg of spear and two swords weighing more than 200 kg in total. 

Maharana Pratap is considered as a first native freedom fighter of India, as he fought with great bravery and courage against the Mughal Emperor Akbar.

Painting of Maharana Pratap
Rana Pratap

The only king to challenge Akbar

During Maharana Pratap’s reign, almost all of the Rajput dynasties had given up against the Mughal Emperor Akbar. As a result, Maharana of Mewar did not get the required support from other Rajput Kings to fight against Akbar. Thus Rana Pratap was the only brave king who challenged Akbar. 

Battle of Haldighati

Akbar wanted to make Mewar his vassal hence he sent 6 diplomats to Rana Pratap’s court, however brave king Maharana Pratap was not scared of Akbar so he didn’t surrender his kingdom to him. Due to this act of bold disobedience, Akbar decided to fight with him. 

Thus, the Battle of Haldighati was fought between Maharana Pratap and Akbar on 18 June 1576. Rana Pratap had a force of 3000 cavalries and 400 Bhil archers. On the other hand, Mughals had an army of more than 5000 men, led by Man Singh I. The fierce battle lasted for around 6 hours, in which Rana Pratap Singh got wounded. Despite being wounded, he successfully managed to escape to the hills. Thus it was a pointless victory for Akbar.

Maharana Pratap returned with a strong force of around 40000 soldiers to attack Akbar’s force and recaptured his lost regions. Thus, slowly and gradually, the great Pratap Singh I also recaptured Western Mewar, including Udaipur, Kumbhalgarh, and Gogunda.

Death

Maharana Pratap had built a new capital of his kingdom, Chavand, and spent the rest of his life there. In January 1597, the great Maharana of Mewar got injured while he was hunting. Due to the severe injuries, he died, aged 56.

After knowing that Rana Pratap is no more, Mughal Emperor Akbar could not hide his emotions and was deeply moved by it. He respected Maharana Pratap’s courage and bravery.

Successor

Maharana Pratap’s son, Amar Singh I, ascended the Mewar throne after his Father’s death in 1597.

A patriot and a brave warrior

Rana Pratap is considered as one of the bravest & courageous warriors who fought for his Motherland & Community.

Facts about the Maharana

  1. Maharana Pratap had a mighty physique. He was estimated to be 7.5 feet tall.
  2. Maharana Pratap’s horse, Chetak, was also extraordinary. He would run extremely fast, and he was also like a friend to him. Although Chetak was injured, he still managed to save Rana Pratap and took him to a safe place. 
  3. Mughal Emperor Akbar, who was Maharana Pratap’s enemy, was deeply grieved after his death.

FAQs about Maharana Pratap

What was the physique of Maharana Pratap?

King Pratap had a very strong and mighty physique. He was 7 feet 5 inches tall and would also carry 80 kg of spear and two swords with him. He wore armour weighing about 72 kg.

Who was the Father of Maharana Pratap?

Maharana Udai Singh II was the father of Maharana Pratap.

Who was the first wife of King Pratap?

Ajabde from Sisodia clan was the first wife of King Pratap.

Why is Maharana Pratap Jayanti celebrated?

The Jayanti of Rana Pratap is celebrated because Maharana Pratap fought against the Mughals to free his Motherland from their control.

How did Rana Pratap Singh die?

Maharana Pratap died due to injuries he had while hunting.

What was Emperor Akbar’s reaction on hearing the death of Maharana Pratap?

Akbar was deeply grieved after knowing that the great Maharana of Mewar is no more. He paid his respects to the great King and warrior of Mewar.

Timeline

  • 1540 – Rana Pratap Singh was born on 9th May 1540.
  • 1567 – Chittor was surrounded by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar when prince Pratap Singh I was 27 years old. Pratap Singh decided to fight back, but he moved to Gogunda along with his father Rana Udai Singh II and other royal members of the family.
  • 1572 – Rana Udai Singh II passed away. Prince Pratap Singh succeeded him by ascending the throne of Mewar, thus recognized as Maharana Pratap.
  • 1573 – Emperor Akbar sent six diplomatic missions to Rana Pratap
  • 1576 – The battle of Haldighati was fought between Rana Pratap’s forces and the Mughal army.
  • 1597 – Rana Pratap died on January 1597, due to severe injuries he had while hunting. It is said that Emperor Akbar was deeply grieved after knowing his death news. He paid his respect to him and his bravery.